Major Cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Canberra are considered to be major cities not only in Australia but also in the world.
Independence: The British Colonies of Australia were federated and the Commonwealth of Australia is established on January 1, 1901.
Public Holidays: New Year's Day (1st January); Australia Day (26th January); Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Sunday and Monday (varies depends on the dates in March or April); ANZAC – Australian and New Zealand Army Corps Day (25th April); Queen's Birthday (13th June); Christmas Day (25th December); and Boxing Day (26th December).
Principal Rivers: Australia is the world's driest inhabited continent (Antarctica is drier) and many of its rivers have high variable flows. Australia has one of the longest rivers like the Murray and other major rivers like the Murrumbidgee, the Darling (a tributary of the Murray River) and the Lachlan. The Murray-Darling River Basin covers more than one million square kilometers or around 14 percent of Australia.
Climate: The climate in Australia is subtropical arid. The North has hot, humid and rainy summers and dry/warm winters. In the South, summers are dry and sunny, winters are mild and rainy. Except on the Eastern Coast, the rainfall is generally low. Average annual rainfall ranges from 325.6 millimeters in Alice Springs to 1,847.1 millimeters in Darwin. The average daily maximum temperature ranges from 17.2º C in Hobart to 32.1º C in Darwin. The average daily minimum temperature ranges from 6.7º C in Canberra to 23.4º C in Darwin.
Natural Resources: Australia has significant deposits of coal, natural gas, petroleum and various minerals like bauxite, copper, diamonds, gold, iron ore, lead, nickel, silver, tungsten, uranium and zinc.
Australia has a peaceful and relaxed atmosphere with a cosmopolitan charisma of cities like Sydney and Melbourne. This is an ideal destination for the students who want to study.
Australia provides strong educational infrastructure, a high quality of life, relatively less expensive and easy visa chances. Australian education has heavy competition and is gaining the increased acceptance in this global arena. In the past few years, approximately more than 1.4 million students from different countries have studied in this country. Also, there are many Indian students who already studied and are studying mainly the post-graduate courses. Students from all over the world study in Australia to take the advantage of its world class higher education, its progressive vocational education and training and world class leadership in English language courses for international students. The students not only enjoy the quality of education but also the specialized support services, safe and welcoming society.
The international standardization of Australian education and training has been growing rapidly. The linkages between the Australian schools, colleges and universities with the students and the staff have blossomed in the recent years. The Australian Department of Education, Science and Training is represented in India at the Australian High Commission in New Delhi.
The Australian method of study is quite different with the educational system that is experienced in different countries like India. Therefore it is very important for a student to give a head start and it is always better to keep up to date with the Australian news, current affairs and become familiar with the Australian educational system and its learning culture. The Australian accent is different and hard but practicing and listening will make a student soon understand the local terms and the way of speaking.
In Australia, the students are expected to collect and analyze data individually or sometimes in groups, take an active part in the learning process, conduct research, participate in discussions and debates, prepare the presentations and deliver them before other students and lecturers/professors or tutors. The students have an opportunity to spend a great deal of time in libraries and laboratories conducting their own research. The students are assessed continuously through assignments, examinations and presentations. The students have to adapt this new process of learning and assessment to get their graduation or to complete the courses. Any academic problems can be easily discussed with the respective tutors/professors and can be solved.